At the time this first began to happen most people, including myself, didn’t even know about the process of Islamization of Europe that Bat Ye’or has called “ Eurabia .” In a volume published in 2000 on the state of France , one finds not a hint of awareness that the Muslim population posed a serious problem (the only indexical reference is to one page in the edition for 1994-5). Although admittedly large, the immigrant population from North Africa, imported to do the manual labor that the waning population of Europeans needed to sustain them in their old age, seemed possible to assimilate.
Original points of view on individual and collective identity may be found in Lise Gauvin's Lettres d'une autre (1984), whose main question is inspired by Montesquieu: "Comment peut-on être Québécois(e)? " The second volume of former minister and poet Gérald Godin's Ecrits et parlés is about Politique (1993), before and after 1976, when he defeated Premier Robert Bourassa in his own riding. Critic and novelist André Brochu's La Grande Langue (1993) is an ironical panegyric of English as a language of power. Genèse de la societé québécoise (1993) by sociologist Fernand Dumont is a strong synthesis of French Canadian history, memory, consciousness. Dumont published also Raisons communes (1995), a collection of substantial articles on foundations, collective identity, democracy, intellectuals and citizens, and French (a "language in exile").